The Aircommand CORMORANT air conditioning unit is designed for installation on the roof of a caravan or recreation vehicle to provide reverse cycle heating and cooling
The roof must be capable of supporting the weight of the unit (45kg)
The absolute minimum thickness of the roof must not be less than 25mm
Standard fittings will allow installation on a roof up to 85mm thick. Installations on thicker roofs will require custom
ducting and hold down bolts
Trimming of the ductwork will be necessary if the roof thickness is less than 85mm
It is important that this installation manual is properly read and understood before installation. The unit must be installed by a qualified service technician. Failure to properly install the unit or attempting to modify it in any way can be extremely hazardous and may result in property damage and personal injury.
Aircommand will not be held responsible for problems relating to incorrect or improper installation methods.
The components of your Cormorant Air Condtioner will be contained in 2 cartons. Unpack the cartons when you are ready to install and check that the contents are as below:
Ensure that the installation instructions have been properly read and understood
Installation must conform nationally to wiring regulations and in particular AS3001-2008
DONOT attempt to modify or add components to the installation procedure
This equipment must only be serviced by a licensed refrigeration mechanic
If your installation varies from the method outlined please contact Aircommand for specialty advice
1. INSTALLATION POSITION
Before beginning, mark out the position of the unit considering the following important requirements:
The air conditioner should be situated as centrally as possible on the van, to ensure even air distribution.
The front of the unit MUST face the direction of travel; failure to follow this instruction will result in damage to the condenser fans.
If the caravan is over 23' in length, or has an unusually high heat load (see General Operating Information section regarding expectations about insulation etc.), Aircommand would recommend 2 or more units to cool effectively.
When considering the installation position remember to check for clearance around the plenum inside the van.
Avoid an installation position where a bulkhead, cupboard or light fitting could interfere with the discharge air flow from the plenum.
It is important that the unit is never more than 5 degrees from the horizontal and the rear of the unit should never be
higher than the front
Contact Aircommand if your installation differs significantly
The above outline on the left shows the minimum clearance required around the CORMORANT unit on the roof of the vehicle, distances shown are calculated from a 14" square hole (356 x 356mm)
The above outline on the right shows the minimum clearance required around the Plenum located on the ceiling inside the vehicle, distances shown are calculated from a 14" square hole (356 x 356mm)
2. ASSESS ROOF STRENGTH
The roof members MUST be strong enough to support the weight of the unit (up to 45kg) without any roof deflection that will cause "pooling" of water around the unit. Contact your caravan manufacturer to confirm the max load the roof is able to handle. If in any doubt consider the use of an external "H" frame.
If the roof does not have an existing hole one must be cut. Cut from the roof then use the roof hole as a guide to cut through the ceiling. Contact your caravan manufacturer for the best method to cut through the roof.
WARNING - There may be electrical wiring located
between the roof and ceiling. Ensure that power is properly disconnected at the supply (mains and/or battery). Failure to do so may result in personal injury or death
Longitudinals MUST be fixed securely to the transverse roof members to transfer load (see Fig 3).
The square hole in the roof (356 x 356mm, 14" x 14") MUST be boxed up with minimum 20mm square timber to provide a structure strong enough to withstand the compression of the installation bolts. This is also to ensure that air in not drawn from the roof cavity
(Fig 3 & 4). Remember to leave access for wiring.
TIP: Always use crawl boards across the roof to avoid damage
3. INSTALLING ROOF GASKET
Ensure that the roof is clean, dry and free from grease or oil.
Remove the paper backing from gasket and position over square hole. Second gasket to be located 250mm behind and parallel (Fig 5)
Gasket must be applied with self-adhesive side down. Note orientation of gasket to direction of travel (Fig 5). Press gasket down to ensure good adhesion.
Run a bead of silicone where the roof and the gasket meet, around the entire gasket perimeter, to ensure water cannot leak between the gasket and the roof surface. DO NOT apply silicone between the gasket and the air conditioner itself.
4. POSITION CORMORANT ON ROOF
Remove the air conditioner from the carton.
Position the unit over the gasket so that the corners of the square hole in the caravan roof line up with the corners of the square hole underneath the CORMORANT (Fig 6).
TIP: Have one person inside the vehicle looking through the hole while the other is on the roof adjusting the position of the unit
DO NOT slide the unit on the roof, this may damage the gasket and result in leaks
Four M8 mounting holes on the chassis underneath the air conditioner will line up with the corners of the square roof hole (Fig 7).
5. ATTACH SPIGOT TO UNIT
Screw spigot onto underside of unitwith the 4 screws provided
(this step can also be done before the unit is positioned on the roof but take care not to damage while fitting)
The spigot will only fit one way, be careful to ensure spigot is positioned correctly (Fig 8) and avoid affixing back to front
6. CONNECT ELECTRICAL SUPPLY
Ensure that power is properly disconnected at the supply (mains and/or
battery). Failure to do so may result in damage to the unit and personal injury or death.
This unit MUST be installed in accordance with State and National Wiring regulations and in particular AS3001 - 2008
Connect power supply to lead from unit
Note: Brown = Active, Blue = Neutral, Yellow/Green = Earth
7. ASSESS ROOF THICKNESS
Measure the roof thickness and consult the table below to check if adjustments to the duct length are required.
Failure to cut the duct properly can result in an incorrect seal which
will adversely affect the units performance
8. ASSEMBLE DUCT
Thread a hold down bar onto the M8 bolt and push the bolt almost all the way into the hole in each corner of the brace
Leave a 10mm gap between the hold down bar and the recess in the plastic brace. This will allow for easier engagement with the four corresponding threaded holes in the unit.
Turn the assembly over and add the extension duct to the top of the assembly (Fig 10).
Take care to avoid tearing or ripping the duct apart.
When attaching the duct to the unit take care to ensure it forms
a tight, unbroken seal that doesn't allow discharge air to escape.
9. ATTACH DUCT TO UNIT
Raise the brace assembly and slip the extension duct over the outside diameter of the spigot underneath the rooftop unit. (Fig 11 & 12).
When attaching the duct to the unit take care to ensure it forms a tight, unbroken seal that doesn't allow discharge air to escape.
Engage and tighten the four M8 bolts with the threaded inserts in the rooftop unit.
Recommended tightening torque of the bolts is 7 N.m (5.2 lb-ft). As a rough guide the bolts should be tightened so that the unit compresses the roof seal gasket to approximately half its height.
As the bolts are tightened ensure that the hold down bars slot into their recesses in the brace (Fig 12).
10. ATTACH PLENUM COVER
Connect the main cover of the plenum to the duct by attaching the blue suspension cord to the lug on the inside of the cover (Fig 13).
This will allow you to use two hands to connect the control cable (see Fig 14).
Connect the key pad control cables together (see below). Be sure that the plug joins the corresponding wire colours together (yellow to yellow, red to red etc.)
11. ATTACH PLENUM COVER
Secure the main plenum cover to the duct assembly with the 4 screws provided (Fig 15).
TIP: It is important that these screws are not over tightened otherwise the plenum may crack.
Remove the filter elements by pulling them out of the plenum, and use the six self-tapping counter sunk screws to secure the covers edges to the caravan ceiling (Fig 16). In some instances a very small pilot hole may need to be drilled to guide the screws into place.
Replace the return air filters by sliding them into the plenum until they click into place